We began working on these forms during a fellowship at the Creative Glass Center of America in the winter of 1999.

The inspiration for these, however, originated long before the fellowship and our African travel, when we were working on head forms for our female bird form.

Our enthusiasm for these head forms was renewed when we witnessed authentic tribal dancing in Zambia during our backpacking journey in 1997. The masked dancers became spirits from another world as they imparted morals and history and folklore stories to their audience.